(In progress)


42-43-44-45 46-47-48-49-50-51-52-53-54-55-56-57-58-59-60-61-62-63-64-65-66-67-68-69-70-71-72

BOOK II Summary: The Exodus Book. The nation of Israel is the central thought. The Book begins with a cry of oppression as does the Book of Exodus. The Hebrew title for Exodus translates to “AND THESE ARE THE NAMES” because it starts with the names of those who came into Egypt and were subsequently redeemed and delivered. The name of the Redeemer is proclaimed in Ex 15:3 making Exodus a book of Redemption, individually and collectively, from ruin and oppression.

   “NAMES” in Exodus

       - Moses known by name (33:12,17)

       - Moses asks God’s name (3:14,15)

       - God proclaims His name (6:3; 33:19; 34:5-7)

       - Moses addresses Pharaoh in Jehovah’s name (5:23)

       - Pharaoh raised up for declaration of God’s name (9:16)

       - 3rd Commandment (20:7)

       - Bezaleel called by name (31:2)

       - Names engraved on ephod (28:9-12)

       - Names on breastplate stones (28:15-21)

The Divine Title “JAH” (He Who IS, and WAS, and IS TO COME) first occurs in Exodus 15:3. The first occurrence in Psalms is in the Exodus Book (68:4).

TEACHER’S NOTE: In Lk 9:31 the word rendered “decease” in the KJV is the Greek word “exodos” in reference to what He “should accomplish at Jerusalem”: His Redemption work paralleling the work accomplished by Moses.

Psalm 42 - Linked to Ps 43 which has no title and corresponding structure.

     - “Maschil” = “Instruction”  The 2nd of 13.

     - “for the sons of Korah” = “by the descendants of Korah”. The first of 11 so subtitled (42, 44-49, 84,85,87, 88). See Korah’s death by Divine judgment (Nu 16:31-35) and note “men”. The children were spared (Nu 26:11) and became prominent in the “service of song” for Temple worship (1 Ch 6:22-38). Samuel, the son of Elkanah, was of this tribe.

1 - Israel as a hunted (Persian fallow) deer

     - “hart” = Heb. “ayal” = “stag”, “male deer” BUT the verb is feminine and therefore refers to the hind, the smaller, anterless female of the species (Dama mesopotamica).

        TEACHER’S NOTE:  Parallels for the Nation of Israel

  • These deer are quick, surefooted and have exceptional vision as defenses. They spend most of the day hidden in dense woods and underbrush.
  • Ps 29:9 references these timid creatures being so terrified by thunder that they will prematurely give birth.
  • They were thought to have been hunted to extinction until a small remnant was found in Iran in 1955.
  • The vocalization of these deer is called “groaning”.
  • The fallow deer is a “clean” animal (Deu 14:4-5) but is not suitable for sacrifice.

     - “panteth” = “crieth longingly” as Israel in Egypt. See Joel 1:20.

     - “after” = “for”

     - “brooks” = Heb. “aphikim” = Constrained, narrow watercourses as in a gorge or marsh hidden from view for safety.

     - “after” = “upon”  See Jn 4:13,14

     - “God” = Heb. “Elohim” = “The Creator” later revealed as Jehovah in the oppression. Ex 3:12-15

2 - “GOD”= Heb. “El” in contrast to lifeless idols.

     - “appear before” = “see the face of” as in Ex 23:15.

3 - “continually” = “all the day”

     - “Where…?” - Standard question from the wicked. Ps 79:10; 115:2

4 - “remember” - How hope is renewed.

     - IMPORTANT: “had gone” = “shall go” and “went” = “shall go”

     - Go where? With the congregation (“multitude”) to the “house of God” with “the voice of joy and praise”.

     - “holyday” = “feast day”

        TEACHER’S NOTE: Understand the repeated demand to Pharaoh (Ex 7:16; 8:1,20; 9:1,13; 10:3)

5 - “Why…me?” - Repeated v.11 and Ps 43:5.

          The psalmist examines himself and recognizes his need for the help (“salvation”) of his own (“His” should be “my”) countenance. Understand Phil 4:11-13 and the unsuitability of a pity party (Ps 100 and 1 Th 5:18).